Signing and belonging in Nepal
Author: Erika Hoffmann-Dilloway
Printer: Gallaudet University press
Washington, DC
ISBN 9781563686641


Page 4 In Nepal, ….. , different understandings of Deafness were often mapped onto distinct Nepali language terms: ‘lato’ and ‘bahira (bahiro)’. ‘Lato’, a pejorative term meaning “deaf and dumb’ in the literal and the figurative senses, reflected the stigma surrounding deafness. Deaf leaders often pointed out that the term ‘lato’ indicated a lack of communicative or intellectual ability rather than simply hearing loss …. . ‘Lato’ was by far the most widely known term among hearing Nepalis …… Groups such as the Kathmandu Association of the Deaf had campaigned vigorously to remove the term from media accounts that focused on their activities.

Page 71 Nirmal Kumar Devkota (2003), a Deaf leader, estimated in 2003 that only 1% of deaf children had received any schooling. In addition, ….. , because schools for deaf children in the country were few and did not exist at all before 1996, most deaf students had been enrolled in schools for hearing children, where provisions were rarely made to give such students access to the spoken and written discourse. Only those few students who entered the schools for the deaf children after Nepali Sign Language began to emerge were exposed to an accessible language at a young age.

A cross-sectional evaluation of the validity of a smartphone otoscopy device in screening for ear disease in Nepal
R. Mandavia, T. Lapa, M. Smith, M.F. Bhutta
Clinical Otolaryngology
Volume 43, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages 31–38

Helping Children Who Are Deaf - Hesperian 2004
Family and community support for children
who do not hear well
By Sandy Niemann,
Devorah Greenstein,
and Darlena David

Temporal Bone Dissection Manual
Midlands Institute of
Otorhinolaryngology, UK
Mike C. F. Smith FRCS (Otol.)

Chronic suppurative otitis media
Burden of Illness and Management Options

WHO 2004

Tinnitus Simulation (mp3 sound file)


The Prevalence of Otitis Media with Eusion in Secondary School Children in Nepal


Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Small-Scale Industries in Pokhara, Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Prevalence Study